It is believed that it was the nuns at the Convent of Santa Monica, in Puebla, who in 1821 created the Chiles en Nogada to celebrate the independence of Mexico and homage to Agustín de Iturbide.
The nuns took advantage of the seasonal ingredients to create this beautiful work of art.
This dish has green, white and red of the Mexican flag which also makes this a patriotic dish.
It was made to present to the visiting Mexican Army General Agustin de Iturbide. He was involved in a decisive battle to gain control of Mexico City and win the Mexican War of Independence. He had just signed the Treaty of Cordoba which gave Mexico it’s independence in Veracruz and was on his way back to Mexico City. He was passing through Puebla and the residents presented this meal to him. This is why this dish is so closely tied to the Mexican Independence Day.
This dish is traditionally served in August and September because it is the season for walnuts and pomegranates.